sábado, 24 de outubro de 2009

"The mind is inherently embodied.
Thought is mostly unconscious.
Abstract concepts are largely metaphorical.

These are three major findings of cognitive science. More than two millennia of a priori
philosophical speculation about these aspects of reason are over. Because of these discoveries,
philosophy can never be the same again.
When taken together and considered in detail, these three findings 
from the science of mind are inconsistent with central parts of Western Philosophy.
Reason is not disembodied (...).
Reason is evolutionary (...).
Reason is not "universal" (...).
Reason is not completely conscious, but mostly unconscious.
Reason is not purely literal, but largely metaphorical and imaginative.
Reason is not dispassionate, but emotionally engaged.

page 3, chapter one, excerpts of:
"Philosophy in the flesh, the embodied mind and its challenge to western thought"
by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, 1999

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